Investor FAQs

AngelCentral General
Is AngelCentral a fund?
No. We are not a fund. Besides providing learning events and angel investment services, we curate startups to participate in our monthly pitch days where our audience of investors will make investment decisions independently.
What is AngelCentral's role?
AngelCentral's role is that of a technology platform and admin/secretarial service provider to help the startup and angels with coordination & administrative work. We do not provide any corporate and financial advisory services, due diligence services, or investment advice of any sort to both the startup and angels.
Do I have to pay fees to join AngelCentral?

AngelCentral is a membership based platform service. Our partners spend a lot of efforts curating and reviewing startups, with the intention to better support our members as angels.

If you are unsure about joining us yet, we recommend that you check out one of our Angel Investing workshops conducted by our partners. The workshops are meant to give angels or potential angels a holistic framework on portfolio management and angel investment evaluation thoughts and sharings. At the workshops, you will also interact with our team and get a better sense of who we are and why we are doing what we are doing. Since Inception, we have trained ~500 angels, and many of them decided to sign up as members after.

Alternatively, you can join us for our coffee & chat sessions to find out more.

How do we select the startups to pitch?
Our partners will meet and evaluate the startups suitability to pitch based on their past experience and knowledge. Similar to other investors, our partners will look at the startup’s founding team, market opportunity, deal terms, business model, and solution.
What profile of startups participate in AngelCentral’s pitch days?
There is no specific sector focus or precisely defined criteria set by AngelCentral. Generally, our angels fund technology startups in the pre-seed or seed stage, have already achieved some form of revenue or traction, and operate (or have plans to) in the Southeast Asian region.
How do I refer startups I like to pitch?
You can refer startups to complete the online form directly.
I consult and advise startup founders. They are fund raising now. Would you like to meet them?
Thank you for supporting the startups. Please have the startups submit their fund raising details and business progress online. We do not charge the startups to pitch / share their information on our platform. So do not worry about that. Please refer to our Startup FAQ for our process flow.
I am fund raising for StartupsXYZ. It's a great opportunity. I would like to share it with your investors.
We appreciate the offer. Please have the startup submit their traction and progress online and we can understand better their business. Do not worry about the cost - we do not charge startups to pitch / share info on our platform. Please refer to our Startup FAQ for our process flow.
I have a group of great investors that I would like to introduce to AngelCentral.
To ensure that all potential angels understand our services and offerings, we organise coffee chats twice a month. As startup investing / angel investing is a high risk asset class, we need to ensure that all investors understand the binary nature of such investments. As our annual membership is really just to cover cost, we are unable to pay a referral or introductory fees.
I just signed up for the workshop but I have decided to come onboard as a member. Could I waive the cost of the workshop then?
Yes, but only if you have registered for a workshop less than 3 days before signing up as a member.
I am new to the tech startup and angel investing scene. Where are some resources I can consider exploring to get started?

We constantly update our blog with new and useful information for angel investors. If you are new to the space, you can consider checking out the following articles and resources:

Angel Investing Basics
What is Angel Investing?

Angel investing is typically the act of investing in an early stage startup, usually in exchange for convertible debt or equity. Angels invest with the expectation that it will bring about a positive Return on Investment (ROI) in the future, which can take as long as up to 5 to 10 years.

However, most angel investors also do it for other reasons, such as the opportunity to be exposed to the latest technology and trends, getting to know brilliant individuals, and having the opportunity to provide mentorship and advice.

Who can be angel investors?

Generally, angel investors are accredited high net worth individuals that have sufficient cash to make such investments.

According to Section 4A Chapter 289 of the Securities and Futures Act in Singapore, an accreditor investor means an individual:

  1. whose net personal assets exceed in value SGD2 million (or its equivalent in foreign currency) or such other amount as the Authority may prescribe in place of the first amount; OR
  2. whose financial assets (net of any related liabilities) exceed in value $1 million (or its equivalent in a foreign currency) or such other amount as the Authority may prescribe in place of the first amount, OR
  3. whose income in the preceding 12 months is not less than SG300,000 (or its equivalent in foreign currency) or such other amount as the Authority may prescribe in place of the first amount.

Besides investing their money, angel investors typically contribute to the startups in other ways. They can include: providing guidance and mentorship, sharing their networks and contacts, etc.

Angels can expect to hold a position in the startup for a couple of years, cashing out only when the startup exits by either IPO, a trade sale, or if another investor wishes to buy out the shares of pre-existing shareholders.

The profiles of angel investors usually include one of the following: former entrepreneurs that exited their own company and wish to “pay it forward” by investing in and helping the next breed of founders, high-paying professionals working in large companies, or business owners who wish to diversify some of their investment portfolio.

AngelCentral Syndicates 101
What is an Angel Syndicate?

Simply put, a syndicated investment happens when a group of investors pool their funds together into one single fund, often through a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), to invest in another entity. There can be syndicates for different types of investments, not just for angel investing.

It is important to note that the Investors of the syndicate are not direct shareholders of the startup but instead, shareholders of the SPV that is created specifically to invest in the entity or in our case, startup. So it is important to ensure that you have competent and good people running the SPV.

Why join an angel syndicate?

Some of the many benefits of joining a syndicate include:

Smaller bite sizes
A common thing that some experienced angels shared were that they would mentally treat their investment as “gone” after writing the cheque for an investment. While angels have to be accredited investors and therefore have a certain level of income and assets before they invest, “throwing away” $50,000 or more– typically the average size of an angel investment if he/she were to do it alone, might be a little too much for some to bear – especially for those just starting out! By investing in a syndicate, you can invest as little as $10K-20K for some deals.

Rather than having ten different investors separately discuss terms with the founder, conduct due diligence, handle paperwork etc, a syndicate will help investors save precious time and effort to undergo the tedious process of managing an angel investment. This is especially important for those that have just started out and might not have experience in investing in such deals before.

Banded together for strength vis a vis other investors
Imagine you are the sole angel looking to invest in a startup. While you have the cash, you do not have the track record, expertise or experience to negotiate better terms to protect yourself. Basically, you have a lack of bargaining power and (well, even if you do, you might not know what to do with it anyway!). In a syndicate, a collective entity made up of many investors will have a much stronger bargaining power than the average angel to better ensure their rights are sufficiently protected.

By investing with a quality syndicate lead, you will be on the same boat as someone who is likely to have had years of prior experience and (hopefully!) success. It would be much easier to learn and seek advice from these experienced angels – knowledge that is great to have when considering future deals. Also, by investing in multiple syndicates as compared to just one investment, you would be able to gain a lot more exposure to the ups and downs of the journeys of multiple startups. Essentially, joining multiple syndicates will provide you with a shortcut to your learning as an angel investor.

Secondary transfers
A key issue with angel investing is the lack of liquidity in the market. Typically, angels, who provide the cheque at the beginning of a startup’s journey, will have to wait years before their returns can ever be realized. However, with a syndicate, it is possible for secondary transfers to take place in a syndicate. This means that if an investor wishes to withdraw his/her funds before the startup exits, it is possible to do so if a willing buyer is found.

Other reasons can include, access to better deal flow, taking on less risk as the investment has already been “vetted” by the syndicate lead, branding purposes (imagine sharing that you invested in 10 different startups with just $100,000 – compared to just one!), etc. Startups tend to prefer syndicated deals too, as it will mean they will not have to manage with multiple angels at once, access to a greater pool of potential business partners and mentors, a less complicated cap table, etc.

What is a syndicate lead?

The syndicate lead will typically be the individual representing the SPV for all matters of discussion and communication between the startup and syndicate. He/she will also communicate on startup matters with the syndicate investors directly. The syndicate lead will usually be someone that has had prior experience in the space, and should have the following characteristics: 1) Access to capital, 2) Proprietary deal flow, and 3) Good judgment.

While not necessary, the lead investor would also typically be the one that puts in a good amount of money to the syndicate. At AngelCentral we encourage our syndicate lead angels to put in 10% of the round or S$50K at least.

How much do syndicates usually cost?

In most syndicate deals, there are usually 2 main types of fees the investor has to be aware of: the administrative fee, and the carry. For the former, it consists of one-off costs relating to handling the administrative and operational aspects of the investment (e.g. legal, SPV setup etc.), and an ongoing annual fee to pay for the running of the syndicate which includes compliance and corporate actions etc.

The second type of fee is the carry, short for “carried interest”, which is the share of profits that will be paid to those managing the investment (including the lead investor). The fees typically range from anywhere between 6%-25%, depending on the platform used.

What is an AngelCentral Syndicate?

AC syndicates are syndicates formed by Angelcentral members with an existing member being the syndicate lead. This syndicate then appoints AngelCentral to provide administrative service to setup and run the SPV on standardized terms and service levels.

What is AngelCentral's role in syndicates?

AngelCentral is a technology platform and admin/secretarial service provider to help the startup and angels with coordination & administrative work. AngelCentral do not provide any corporate and financial advisory services, due diligence services, or investment advice of any sort to both the angels and startups for syndicates. The subsequent facilitation of investment is decided and controlled by the lead angel and directors of the SPV. AngelCentral can be appointed to help as an admin support to execute on these decisions.

Sounds good! How do I join syndicates run by AngelCentral members?

You will need to be an AngelCentral member at the point of investment into the SPV. Find out more about AngelCentral membership benefits here.

Do AC syndicate investors have to be accredited?

For AngelCentral syndicates, we can accept funds from accredited investors only. Please refer to MAS Section 4A Chapter 289 of the Securities and Futures Act for the definition of an accredited investor in Singapore.

What is the minimum sum I have to invest in each deal?

Typically, the minimum bite size of the syndicates is S$25K or US$20K per angel. This is significantly lower than if you were to invest in the startup directly, which can be anywhere from S$50,000 - $100,000.

I have more AngelCentral Syndicate questions?

Please sign up as an angel member or contact to find out more.